How to install SQLite for PHP on my Apache/nginx server?

SQLite is a very popular relational database that is designed to be embedded within software applications. If your server does not already have the SQLite drivers for PHP, please follow the guide below:

Step 1 – Install SQLite driver for your PHP version

Log in to your web server via SSH and run the following command:

sudo apt-get install php-sqlite3

If the above command does not work, you can try the PHP version-specific instructions below:

For PHP5, use

sudo apt-get install php5-sqlite

For PHP7.0, use

sudo apt-get install php7.0-sqlite

For PHP7.1, use

sudo apt-get install php7.1-sqlite

For PHP7.2, use

sudo apt-get install php7.2-sqlite

For PHP7.3, use

sudo apt-get install php7.3-sqlite

For PHP7.4, use

sudo apt-get install php7.4-sqlite

In general, you have to insert the PHP version in the command and below is the syntax for how the command will look:

sudo apt-get install php[x.y]-sqlite3

(Without square brackets) where x is the major version and is the minor version. for example, php7.1, php7.4, etc. Do note that this method is NOT applicable to PHP 5

Step 2 – Restart Apache/Nginx

To make SQLite available for PDO usage, we will have to restart Apache/Nginx.

Restart Apache

sudo service apache2 restart

Restart Nginx

sudo service nginx restart

Step 3 – Verify

To test that everything is working fine:

  1. Create a file called test.php with the following content:
    <?php phpinfo(); ?>
  2. Point your browser to test.php where you should see the PHP info file
  3. Search the contents of this file for the string “pdo_sqlite”
  4. If you find a section titled “pdo_sqlite”, it is confirmed that SQLite has been installed
  5. Once the verification is complete delete this file

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