Drupal Malware: How to Fix Drupal Kitty Cryptomining Malware
Drupal, deemed as one of the most secure CMS around the world has been in news lately for notorious reasons. A malware going by the named “Kitty” has infected Drupal sites making it highly susceptible to mining crypto mining attacks. The malicious script exploits the very well known critical remote-code execution vulnerability in Drupal “Drupalgeddon 2.0”, The Kitty Drupal Malware infects vulnerable Drupal sites to compromise its internal networks and web application servers along with hijacking the browsers of visiting web visitors.
The Drupalgeddon 2.0 vulnerability in Drupal was unearthed in March 2018, affecting versions 7.x and 8.x. This vulnerability arises from insufficient sanitation of arrays objects at Drupal’s core modules, ultimately allowing for remote code execution in Drupal. The flaw provides an entry point for various other Drupal malware, Kitty being one of them.
What is the Drupal Kitty Malware?
The “Kitty” crypto mining malware takes advantage of Drupal sites still vulnerable to “Drupalgeddon 2.0,” to illegally mine the Monero cryptocurrency. The malicious crypto mining script takes advantage of the highly critical Drupalgeddon 2.0 remote code execution vulnerability (CVE-2018-7600) and targets server as well as browsers. The exploit which was made public in March and is still extant in most versions of Drupal versions 7.x and 8.x.
The Drupalgeddon 2.0 vulnerability is caused by insufficient sanitation of arrays objects at Drupal’s core modules, which allows for remote code execution. The vulnerability exposes Drupal sites to various attack vectors, ultimately leading to backdoor implementations, crypto mining attempts, data theft, and account hijacking.
How does the Kitty Malware work?
After the Kitty bash script is executed, the attacker creates a backdoor by writing the PHP file “kdrupal.php” to the infected server disc.
The Base64 decoded source code of the above PHP backdoor is infact simple, as the attacker uses a sha512 hash function for protecting its remote authentication.
The script now registers ‘cronjob’: a time-based job scheduler, to periodically re-download and execute a bash script from a remote host, thus allowing the attacker to reinfect the server and delay updates to infected servers.
On gaining complete control of the server, the attacker installs the “kkworker” Monero cryptocurrency miner, a well-known xmrig Monero miner, and executes it.
The Kitty malware is regularly updated, where everytime the operator adds a new version note. It appears to be regulated by an organized attacker, who develops the malware like a software product: fixing bugs and releasing new features.
How to Fix the Kitty Drupal Malware?
While the Kitty malware taints Drupal’s reputation for enforcing strictly secure coding practices in its core modules against online vulnerabilities, it is unarguably still one of the most secure CMS in the world.
To tackle already infected websites, the Drupal community is rolling out software updates. Some advice on how to tackle infected Drupal websites and subsequent procedures to follow has been published on the Drupal official site
Prevention is always better than cure. Following prevention steps can help you ensure a safer environment for your Drupal website’s operations.
- Employ Web application firewalls to strip out any malicious web requests before they can do any damage to a potentially vulnerable CMS.
- Regularly update your CMS: Security patches/updates are often released with newer versions of the CMS. It is highly recommended to routinely scan for new versions and upgrade.
- Install ALL security patches released by vendors: Almost all CMSs release security patches as and when critical issues are reported. Subscribe to their security mailing lists/RSS feeds and keep your software up to date.
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